Walking slowly on a white sandy flat you are completely alert and looking for any sign of movement! You spot three shadows at 1 o’clock moving toward you. You begin casting with the wind blowing right into your face. Three quick false cast until you deliver the fly subtle delivery 5 feet in front on the fish. You wait for your fly sink. Just as you begin to strip the largest of the group darts to your fly and eats. You strip set and the fish begins to pull of line at an alarming rate. Bonefish on!
The 9ft 8wt is your bonefish solution, the one best answer for bonefishing anywhere. From the clear waters of the Bahamas to the sandy flats of Christmas Island the Red Truck Balanced Bonefish Fly Rod will make every cast and presentation easier. A good Bonefish rod makes casting in the wind and long accurate cast a breeze.
The Red Truck Diesel “Bonefish” Fly Rod: Our saltwater safe and bonefish specific fly rod, at 9 foot for a 8 weight, this rod is balanced to cast bonefish flies in the wind effortlessly to their target. This rod was balanced to be accurate, powerful, and easy to cast.
· A great rod starts with the grip. Red Trucks full wells grip is not only ergonomic but enhances feel and efficiency of casting and fishing.
· Matte finished reducing rod glare, reflection from the sun hitting the rod blank caused from shiny rods, which can spook fish.
· Sanded and precision fit ferules, where the rod pieces come together, allow for repairs in just 3 days and eliminates the need for you to ship the entire rod back to us.
· Effortlessly cast in the wind.
· 4 piece design meets carry on restrictions when traveling to bonefish destinations.
· The perfect weight for bonefishing.
· Powerful mid section allows for long and accurate casts.
· Hand made with incredible craftsmanship and premium components.
The Recommended Fly Reel: A perfect match for the Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod is the Loop Evotec Fly Reel. The saltwater safe sealed drag, dimensions and weight make this reel an excellent reel to hang on your Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod.
· The sealed drag system provides perfect amount of tension to fight large fish.
· Machined from solid bar stock aluminum this reel will be appreciated for generations to come.
· Designed in Sweden with the smoothest saltwater safe drag we have ever touched.
The Recommended Fly Line: The Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod balances best with a weight forward 8wt. This line will enhance the feel and performance of your outfit.
· No stretch design allows for efficient casting and strip sets.
· Made out of Polyurethane which is incredibly durable and can with stand exposure to sunscreen, gas and diesel. All other fly lines are made from PVC which horrible for the environment.
· The taper lends itself to long accurate casts in the wind.
When you put this all together you have an outfit that is incredibly easy to fish, haul, and cast. If you are sick of flubbing casts get into control and experience a truly balanced fly rod with the Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod.
Where will your Red Truck take you?
The fact that virtually every fly angler in America has heard of Christmas Island is far from coincidence. Amidst the vast inventory of the world's saltwater destinations, Christmas Island is a unique natural masterpiece that magically, as if designed by committee, combines all the elements critical to fly-fishing success: Endless hard sand flats, remarkable numbers of cruising bonefish and trevally, and consistent year round weather await all who visit this remarkable atoll. Whether you are an experienced saltwater angler returning for your tenth trip or a novice keen on honing your flats fishing skills, we invite you to join us for the finest and most intimate angling experience the island has to offer. Christmas Island Location:
Located 1,200 miles south of Hawaii and 200 miles north the Equator in the Republic of Kiribati (pronounced Kiribas), Christmas Island is the world's largest coral atoll. Visiting anglers typically spend Monday night in Hawaii and depart Tuesday at noon for a 3 hour flight to Christmas Island. Upon arrival the group will be greeted and taken to the secluded beachfront lodge.
Christmas Island Accommodation:Catering to no more than eight anglers per week, accommodations at Christmas Island Outfitters consist of four private bungalows that sleep two anglers each. Rooms are simple clean and spacious and have private baths, fans, screened windows, a table with chairs and refrigerators. The common meeting area features a friendly bar and a casual dinning area where fresh simple meals are served in the morning and evening hours. Small by design to ensure flexibility and quality fishing, the daily schedule and meal times at Christmas Island Outfitters often vary slightly in order to take advantage of the best tides and fishing conditions. Christmas Island Fishing Program:All guides at Christmas Island Outfitters have been hand picked for their overall level of experience and skill, calmness under pressure, and instructional abilities. We feel that visitors will be hard pressed to find a better crew of saltwater fly-fishing guides anywhere in the world.
Each day anglers will depart via truck or catamaran for the day's fishing. While standard packages include one guide for every two anglers, one on one guiding is available at a reasonable additional cost. Virtually all fishing will be done while wading and entails sight casting to visible fish in shallow water. Christmas Island's plentiful bonefish average 2-4 pounds with each week presenting numerous opportunities at larger specimens in the 5-10 pound class.
For anglers keen on the challenge of trevally, (giant, golden, blue fin, and striped) the guides at Christmas Island Outfitters are highly skilled and passionate in their pursuit. While a somewhat higher stakes game than bonefishing, the results are often spectacular! Christmas Island Travel:To get to Christmas Island you will need to make travel arrangements to and from Honolulu, Hawaii and also hotel arrangements in Honolulu. All trips to Christmas Island start and end in Honolulu. You should plan to arrive in Honolulu on Monday. Most guests prefer to stay at the Honolulu Airport Hotel (808-836-0661). The flight to Christmas Island departs Honolulu Tuesday at 12:00 p.m. from the Aloha Airline inter-island terminal. It is essential to arrive at the Airport two hours before your flight. The following Tuesday the return flight from Christmas Island typically leaves about 7:30 a.m. and arrives in Honolulu at 10:30 a.m. Due to the somewhat unpredictable nature of the arrival time on your return flight we recommend that you schedule your flight out of Honolulu to leave after 12:00 or 12:30 p.m.
Included:Accommodations, meals, guide fees, Christmas Island ground transfers, flats transportation, and fishing license.
Not Included:Round trip flight from Honolulu to Kiribati, alcoholic beverages, gratuities ($20-30 per guide per day and $5-10 per day for room service plus Island departure tax).
Bonefish cast, nice one, now let's walk some more; Bonefish cast again, another nice one, now let's walk some more; Bonefish, no wait, quick take the 11 weight here comes a Giant Trevally! Those are the words you will hear from the guides over and over on this beautiful South Pacific island. Your only thought should be ?no problem atoll? as you cast to that 50 pounder. You will be traveling a long way, on trip of lifetime, to island that does not have a fly shop; we suggest you prepare for any and all types of fishing conditions that will arise. We've tried to keep the list simple and most of all effective.
DON'T FORGET YOUR PASSPORT AND YOUR VISA!!!!!
Flies: Christmas Island Selection
Simms Dermatone Suncreen
Greased Lightnin' Line Cleaner
Dr. Slick Pliers
Dr. Slick 6" Hook File
Saltwater fly fishing asks an awful lot of a pant. Any pant worth its salt in the salt, like the Simms Women's Flyaway Pant, must protect you from sun, sand, coral and jellyfish, be cool and comfortable, and dry quickly. But the Simms Women's Flyaway Pant g'es further, with built-in protection from biting bugs everywhere, from the Keys to Christmas Island.
The 9ft 8wt is your bonefish solution, the one best answer for bonefishing anywhere. From the clear waters of the Bahamas to the sandy flats of Christmas Island the Red Truck Balanced Bonefish Outfit will make every cast and presentation easier. A good Bonefish rod makes casting in the wind and long accurate cast a breeze.
· Comes with extra tip for on the flats insurance.
The Loop Evotec Fly Reel:A perfect match for the Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod is the Loop Evotec Fly Reel. The saltwater safe sealed drag, dimensions and weight make this reel an excellent reel to hang on your Red Truck Bonefish Fly Rod.
The Line: This outfit comes balanced with a weight forward 8wt. This line enhances the feel and performance of your outfit.
When you put this all together you have an outfit that is incredibly easy to fish, haul, and cast. This outfit comes fully rigged, ready to fish, and includes an extra tip. If you are sick of flubbing casts get into control and experience a truly balanced outfit with the Red Truck Bonefish Outfit.
Bonefish and Permit? You bet, and flyfishing doesn't get any better than wading a beautiful coral reef flat in pursuit of these powerful and wily species! But you need the correct footwear for all-day lightweight performance and protection from those spiney and sharp critters that inhabit the flats at your feet. The new Simms Flats Sneaker gives you the ankle support and the protection to wade any flat, or scamper around on a pitching boat deck with confidence. These shoes are sized to be worn with the Simms Wet Wading Socks for blissful comfort that keeps debris out of your shoes, and on the ocean bottom where it belongs. Next time you step out hunting the "ghosts of the flats", do it in style with Simms Flats Sneakers.
Leland on Specifications - Simms Flats Sneaker
The Simms Flats Sneaker has been re-designed with the addition of tight-weave Schoeller side panels and an internal puncture resistant plate inside the footbed to protect your feet from sea urchin spines, sharp coral and other potential hazards when wading the flats. The non-marking soles are perfect for sand and marl bottoms or slippery boat decks. The mid-hiker design offers full foot coverage and support, all in a lightweight package for full day comfort. The padded collar and micro-screen drain ports keep sand out and allow water to drain quickly. Available in whole men's sizes from 7 to 14. Christmas Island and Los Roques are calling your name!
Attached please find a photo of me with a beautiful brown trout caught using my new Abel reel purchased from Leland. You guys are the best in offering advise and your upgrade program is Great !!!!
Having fly fished for over 40 years, I have accumulated a lot of equipment that I don't use anymore…that is until I found your upgrade program. Now I am able to have the Loop Cross S1, what I consider the best fly rod made. I can't thank you enough for providing this service. Leland has a customer for life now.
wanted to post about a great experience I had with Leland Outfitters
and their exchange program. I shipped them a bunch of old flyfishing
equipment I no longer used, they cleaned it up and sold it on ebay for
me, and I was able to buy new equipment. It all worked just as it was
supposed to, and that doesn't happen very often these days. I can highly
recommend you do business with this shop.
This will be my third and fourth rods to sell
through the Upgrade Program. The first sales went so well. I was impressed at the
professional way everything was handled from the start to buying my new Scott T2H switch rod. I
am convinced that you net me more cash because of the great presentation and the
I recently went on my first Salt Water trip and after
doing some research I decided to go with the Hatch reels for the trip. I
was not disappointed by their performance. When I returned to the
States, I decided to make the full conversion to Hatch reels for all my
fly fishing and the Leland Upgrade Program was perfect for this goal. I
sold all of my non Hatch reels and used all the profits to replace my
old fresh water reels. I got top dollar for my old gear and I had no
hassles selling it. Leland took care of it all.
My only problem is now I also started buying from the Leland Upgrade
listings. I found some great values and hard to find
merchandise. I check the listings very few days looking for that new
used gear item I can't live without.
The program is very well run and organized. The staff have
been excellent in customer service. I would highly recommend this
I want to thank the Leland Upgrade Program for this
incredible program! You guys made it possible for me to sell my used
gear, some of it decades old, and get equipment I’d been dreaming about.
When I sent my gear to you I had hoped to sell enough stuff to
partially finance one particular Winston bamboo fly rod. Not only did I
get the Winston bamboo but amazingly I was able to pick-up two Winston
IIIx rods and a tackle pack for my spring bonefishing trip to the
This program is great! Selling my used equipment was easy,
stress-free and may have contributed to the improvement of my marriage!
"About my experience with Leland Upgrade I can address to
that no matter if you are selling or you are buying from
like I did few times during last three years, you can
be absolutely sure
that your product will get best professional evaluation and
presentation allowing other people to buy it with confidence
and trust. In my opinion this is the key of any Upgrade program and
Leland has developed it extremely well."
"I am heading to Belize for some saltwater fishing in
June, 2011. Needed to standardize my reels. Had an Abel Super 8 and Sage
3400D with spools for my 10wts. Decided to purchase two Tibor Riptide
reels but how do I sell my Abel and Sage? Bingo, the Leland Upgrade
Program. Jon & Casey handled the selling of the reels on eBay from
start to finish. I received a good enough price that I was able to
purchase one of the Riptides and some accessories. If this program was
not available I would probably still have the two reels and spools. Jon
and I are also working on some additional equipment that I need. To Jon
and the Upgrade Program, "Job Well Done"
Larry was most impressed with the communication from the Upgrade Team during the sale of his gear.
Best of all, he got a little more credit out of the experience than he expected. Here's how Larry's expectations were exceeded:
“When I first came upon it
online, I thought it would be a good way to sell some old fly fishing
equipment, and I didn't have any idea as to current value, collectiblity
or demand,” Larry said. “I had a number in mind as to what would be a
fair price for my gear and was pleased and surprised to have gotten
twice what I expected.”
Albula vulpes Pieter Bleeker, 1859
- Pete Perinchief, former Director of Bermuda’s Fishing Information Bureau, 1964 The bonefish has been called the “silver bullet of the flats” and rightfully so. This member of the Elopiformes order and close relative of the tarpon possesses lightning quickness and race car speed. In open water these fish have been clocked at nearly 23 miles per hour. This astounding physical ability has helped the bonefish survive 125 million years of evolution, solidifying its place among the earth’s most ancient species. The bonefish is also clever and cunning, its name, Albula vulpes, literally means “white fox.” The bonefish was first discovered and named by famed Dutch ichthyologist, Pieter Bleeker, in 1859. Bleeker’s contribution to the study of fish was more than prolific during his 18 year stint as a medical officer in the Dutch East Indian Army from 1842 to 1860; his famous treatise Atlas Ichthyologique provides a laboriously detailed account of his work in Indonesia and includes notes on the bonefish. Bleeker’s bonefish are incredibly nimble and skittish creatures. Native to saltwater flats environments, bonefish can be found in nearly every tropical body of water on the globe. The recorded range of the bonefish is 45°N - 31°s, 159°w - 35°w. Yet, despite their common occurrence and widely distributed range, bonefish remain a difficult set of silvery fins to catch, owing to their selective feeding, nearly perfect camouflage, 360-degree eyesight, and flat out speed in open water. The unique sporting challenge offered by bonefish has brought a host of eager fly anglers to the tropics in search of adventure and the chance to catch a silver bullet. Bonefish are a curiously primitive looking species. Masters of illusion, bonefish sport a highly reflective set of scales that function as an array of tiny mirrors, reflecting quite accurately the fish’s ever-changing environment. The narrow and muscular bonefish is also built with a tapered nose, leading to an extremely powerful mouth. The species uses this mouth to root for its food in the coral and on the sandy bottom of the saltwater flats it calls home, crushing prey with its hard palate. Emerging on the skinny water of the saltwater flats during periods of tidal flux, bonefish dine on a rich diet of clams, shrimp, and crabs, and they will rarely pass up the opportunity to snare even smaller critters such as saltwater worms, snails, and baitfish. Locally, bonefish will vary their feeding habits, sometimes turning into the tide to sniff out their prey and at other times following prey into the tidal direction. Fly anglers should be sure to understand their local quarry prior to stalking bonefish – a local fly shop or guide service can be invaluable in the pursuit of these mirrored torpedoes. Tropical saltwater flats are often only a few inches deep and don’t offer feeding bonefish much protection or cover. When digging for their meals, bonefish are often forced to expose a good portion of their tail above the water. Subsequently, bonefish will often be found “tailing” either in pairs or in larger schools. To spot a tailing bonefish or group of bonefish, look for their deeply forked tails just above the waterline, flashing brilliantly in the sunlight. Saltwater fly anglers will tell you that there is nothing more exciting than crouching near a thick patch of turtle grass in the middle of an expansive tropical flat and spotting the glittering flash of a school of tailing bonefish! Despite the classic tailing give-away, merely spotting a bonefish can present quite a frustrating challenge to a fly angler. Many saltwater flats have sandy bottoms, but others are composed of the mottled browns, greens, and gold of thick turtle grass, making it very difficult to glimpse a well-camouflaged fish. Saltwater fly anglers also look for “cruising” or “mudding” bonefish. When looking for a cruising fish or school, watch for quick flashes and shadows along the bottom of the flat. Mudding bonefish will produce clouds and wide plumes of gray sand as they hunt and dig for their prey. Looking for such a mud spot will often yield good results. A good pair of polarized sunglasses with copper or yellow photochromatic lenses will ease the strain of this challenge. (Experience in spotting bonefish, or a guide perched atop the polling platform of a specialized flats boat will also help!) Bonefish are particularly aware of the perils of the thin water in which they feed. Such heightened awareness renders these fish extremely skittish at the slightest sign of danger. Fly anglers must take extreme care not to frighten feeding bonefish. This means maintaining a low profile, keeping rod tips on the water, and being prepared to make long, directed, and accurate casts in a number of challenging conditions. Saltwater flats fishing requires a confident cast, tight attention to fly presentations, and a good working knowledge of local water and tidal conditions. Bonefishing requires all of these along with a heavy dose of concentration. Fly anglers chasing bonefish will most often be sight casting for their quarry. When sight casting for bonefish it is extremely important to understand the delicate mix of water and wind conditions and distance to the fish. If the wind is high, an angler may need to use a shorter leader and a heavier 9 weight rod and line to turn over the fly and lay down a sixty foot cast. If conditions are calm and the saltwater flat is glassy, a 14 or 15 foot leader and a lighter 7 weight rod may be necessary to avoid spooking the fish during presentation of the fly. However, if you were to choose just one fly rod to tackle all conditions, it should be a 9' #8 fly rod. Our favorite bonefish fly rod is the Loop Cross S1 Flatsman 890-4...controlled distance, accuracy and strength.Because bonefish are so wary, it is important to understand how the fish is moving and where to place a cast. Saltwater flats anglers will often lead a feeding bonefish by a generous 15 feet or more. The key to presenting a fly to a bonefish is to make the fly appear to be moving away from the fish. This may sound difficult, but can easily be achieved with a simple hook cast or reach cast – both well-practiced casts in the arsenal of trout and freshwater anglers. Stripping line after such a cast is also important. Experiment with longer and shorter strips with different pacing; pause and give the fly a slight jerk and then strip in more line. Local guides will have a favored technique and will tell you just what to do when you’ve spotted a fish and placed that perfect cast. Hooksetting should also not be overlooked. Be sure to set the hook firmly with a confident strip set as soon as you feel the subtle tug of a bonefish at the end of the line. Freshwater anglers making the transition to salt commonly make the mistake of lifting the rod tip vertically to set the hook. This technique may work on Montana’s great and storied Madison for big browns, but it won’t hook a bonefish. (Too many anglers have bought their guides rounds of drinks back at the lodge for lifting the tip instead of using a solid strip set. Don’t be a statistic!)For efficient fly delivery and better hook sets, the proper fly line is very important when bonefishing. The Airflo Ridge Bonefish fly line is the best fly line on the market today for saltwater flats fishing. With a patented coating of polyurethane, which is impervious to bug repellant and sunscreen, this particular fly line will last many hard seasons. All other fly lines are constructed of PVC material and don't react well to the likes of bug spray and sun screen. The low-stretch core of the Airflo Bonefish line provides more efficient casts. And, when "strip-setting" on a bonefish, this low-stretch core makes for solid hook sets. Bonefish will readily take a well-presented fly, and will make several long runs, usually taking a fly angler 150 yards deep into the backing. Generally a bonefish will make about as many long, straight runs as its weight in pounds. A 2-pound fish will make 2 long runs and a 4-pounder will take you and your reel for a spin about 4 times. This is not by any means a hard and fast rule, but something to keep in mind when it’s time to strip set the hook and play that fish! A raft of creative fly patterns has arrived on the tails of the bonefish craze. Synthetics, foam, and flashy materials offer fly tiers a new world of possible creations to toss into the salt. Crazy Charlies and Bonefish Candy are effective patterns from Christmas Island to Los Roques. One of the hottest and most productive bonefish flies around is Bonefish Bitters, a modern epoxy-headed crustacean imitation developed by Craig Matthews in the 1980s. Classics like the Gotcha and the Bonefish Scampi as well as myriad crab patterns will also yield good results on the saltwater flats. Bonefish have provided fly anglers of all stripes and backgrounds with a new and salty world of mystery, information, and excitement. Freshwater anglers have enjoyed the challenge of learning new rigging, casting techniques, and traveling to warmer more tropical destinations. Saltwater anglers have enjoyed advancing the sport of fooling bonefish with a fly and pushing the limits of saltwater flats fishing. Bonefish are special creatures, and according to fly fishing legend, Lefty Kreh, if left with only one choice, the bonefish would be his target. That’s quite a bold marketing pitch, and one we’re hard-pressed to disagree with. - Evan P. LeBon
Los Roques is a set of small islands in the Caribbean Sea located 80 miles north of Caracas, Venezuela. While the area is often referred to as an archipelago, technically Los Roques is an atoll within the Lesser Antilles characterized by magnificent coral beds, diverse and varied flats, sandy beaches, clear waters and incredible natural beauty. The entire atoll was declared a national park in the mid-80's and since that time there has been very little development, thus insuring the pristine nature of the area for generations to come.
Located 11 degrees north of the equator, Los Roques' air and water temperatures vary little throughout the season. The area is also characterized by a dry climate and is relatively unaffected by cold fronts and hurricanes. These factors make Los Roques one of the safest bonefishing locations in the world in terms of weather and water conditions much like Christmas Island. Chris Yrazabal, owner of Sight Cast, is a ten-year veteran to guiding the Los Roques region. His guests are housed at Vistalmar lodge, which is located only five minutes from the airport on the atoll's largest island El Gran Roque.
Sight Cast Outfitters Fishing: With more than 250 square miles of fishable water, the Los Roques area is wade fisherman's dream come true. While many of the more productive flats are covered with turtle grass, coral flats and hard sand flats also abound. Regarded primarily as a bonefish destination, the vast and varied waters surrounding your lodge also provide ample opportunities for species such as Barracuda, Tarpon, Jacks and Spanish mackerel. During the prime months of mid-January through mid-October, Los Roques offers impressive numbers of bonefish that average 3-4 pounds. Fish over 5 pounds are common, and good numbers of fish in the 7-10 pound range are present. Fish over 10 pounds have been taken, and the lodge record is an honest 13 pounder! Their season runs from mid-January through October.
Fishing is done from 28 ft fiberglass boats with one guide and one captain per two clients. The fishing day is approximately 8-hours, but times vary so as to hit the best tides. If the best tides for tailing fish are late afternoon, the fishing day may be from 10:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. When anglers tire of walking the flats or tides are not optimal for wading, anglers can fish from the boat's casting platform. While these boats are too large to be poled effectively, the boatman can "walk" the boat across deeper flats, while the guide helps anglers to spot fish from the bow. The guides can also take anglers to deep-water "muds," or "secret" bonefish holes where even beginners can catch an abundance of bonefish. Sight Cast Outfitters Vistalmar Lodge Accommodation:
Lodging is at Vistalmar Lodge, which is located on the beach of the big island of El Gran Roque. Anglers stay in double occupancy guestrooms, each with two standard single or double beds, ceiling fan, air conditioners and a private bath. There is a living room area downstairs, and an open-air rooftop bar and lounge. Breakfasts and dinners are served Oceanside by an exclusive chef. Sight Cast Outfitters Travel: You will need to make travel arrangements to Caracas, Venezuela. The Hotel in Caracas and inner country flights are included in the package price. Anglers are met at the airport (after clearing customs) by a representative of the lodges transfer service, Grand Slam Transfers. The employee of the transfer service will be holding a sign with the name Sight Cast and Grand Slam. He will then take anglers to the Hotel. The transfer to the hotel from the airport should take 10 minutes.
The next morning, the transfer service will take Anglers directly to the LTA Airline counter (usually pick up at the hotel is at 6:45 a.m.). Once there, they will need to pay US $4 each (national departure tax). The confirmation number for the flight will be given (as well as an electronic ticket via mail) one month prior to arrival. The plane to Los Roques usually departs at 8:00 a.m. for the 35-minute flight on a DASH 7. Anglers can have breakfast at the airport or at Los Roques. The Sight Cast staff will be at the El Gran Roque airport to meet arriving anglers. It is then a short 3 minute walk from the airport.
On the departure day the flight back to Caracas is usually at 6:00 p.m. In Caracas Grand Slam will transfer anglers to the hotel and then to the airport the following day. There is an $42.00 departure tax.
Included:First and last over night at the selected hotel: In Caracas: Best Western or Tamanaco and and in La Guaira: Puerto Viejo Best Western, round trip flight Caracas - Los Roques - Caracas with LTA, Accommodation at Vistalmar Lodge, all meals at the Lodge and at the boat, all ground transfers, guided fishing, fishing licenses and permits.
Not Included:International air to Caracas, Meals and beverages in the mainland, Los Roques National Park, entry fee (approx. $10), alcoholic beverages (except beers on the boat), items of a personal nature such as phone calls and laundry, domestic departure tax (approx. $2), International departure tax (approx. $37), gratuities to the lodge staff and fishing guides.