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Red Truck Summer Steelhead Balanced Outfit Review


SUMMER STEELHEADING DONE RIGHT


The perfect two-handed outfit for chasing summer chrome, designed exclusively by Red Truck Fly Fishing Outfitters ... Read More.
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SUMMER STEELHEADING DONE RIGHT


The perfect two-handed outfit for chasing summer chrome, designed exclusively by Red Truck Fly Fishing Outfitters ... Read More.
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•  Head #2: Airflo #20 Ridge
•  Leaders: Umpqua Leaders



January 24, 2014 (Sonoma, CA): Steelhead fishing, regardless of the season, is a test of form. A day of two-handed casting demands the most from your technique and your gear, making efficiency the key to all-day success. The Red Truck Summer Steelhead Balanced Outfit was designed with this in mind, providing exceptional power and line control in a perfectly balanced package.

The Right Length: The Red Truck Summer Steelhead Balanced Outfit is all about the efficient transfer of energy. At 12' 6'', you'll have no problem making long casts and easy mends, but the reduction in length and weight makes for a tremendous improvement in the in-hand feel. This is thanks to the custom line system built around Airflo's Ridge Running Line. With today's efficient fly lines, we're able to reduce the overall length and weight of our spey rods without sacrificing performance. If you're used to fishing longer rods (we were too), it's a welcome change. And if you have one steelhead rod in your lineup, go for the Red Truck Summer Steelhead Balanced Outfit.

Diesel Durability: This is a given. Red Truck fly rods are built to handle the harshest conditions, and steelheading is grueling on your gear. The heavy-duty guides, aluminum rod tube, snake-belly finish, and quality cork are all top-notch. Plus, the outfit includes an extra tip for streamside insurance.

The Reel: Red Truck Diesel reels, like any good diesel engine, are built to stand up to a lifetime of hard work in tough conditions. The Diesel Chrome may be the largest in the series, but it's every bit as efficient as its younger brothers and tough as nails. Built to balance perfectly with our Diesel 6126-4 spey rod, it's the exact right weight and size for summer chrome. And the outgoing click is there to celebrate when all those casts finally pay off.

The Lines: The backbone of any good outfit is as much the fly line as it is the rod, and we chose the Airflo Ridge Running Line for its superb shooting capabilities in any conditions. Included is the Compact Scandi head for skating dry flies or swinging summer patterns. And if the fish are staying deep, you've got the Skagit head and a set of Rio's MOW tips. It's a comprehensive kit for every steelhead scenario.

The Rundown: Summer run steelhead make for some of the most enjoyable fly fishing around, but an inefficient setup can distract you from the fun at hand. Enjoy every cast, focus on the fishing, and reduce fatigue. Invest in an outfit that will last forever and experience the Red Truck Summer Spey Balanced Outfit.


Red Truck Diesel Summer Steelhead Outfit Review - Leland's Burke White


Washington State's Grande Ronde River is world renowned for its summer run of steelhead. If you've ever wanted to raise a steelhead to a skated dry fly…this river must be on your list. I was lucky enough to spend a few days on the G.R. last season and my goal was to bring a wild fish to the surface…more on this later.

My current selection of two-handed fly rods was a bit overkill for this style of fishing, so I wrangled a Red Tuck Summer Steelhead Outfit for the trip. I'm sure glad I did. Although the outfit came with a properly matched Skagit Compact head and a selection of sinking tips, I didn't need them. Instead I got to cast the floating Scandi Compact head with a tapered leader and skating fly. Every cast was effortless and enjoyable. I almost forgot how fun it is to cast a two-hander without a heavy tip or a big bug.

The Red Truck Diesel Summer Steelhead rod is 12'6" in length, which felt perfect in my hands. It was still long enough to provide efficient casts and easy mends, but didn't feel like a big stick…it's very well balanced. I was a bit hesitant to fish a two-handed fly rod rated as a six weight, as most of my all-around two-handers are seven weights, but I found it had ample power to efficiently cast the flies we were using. Most of the runs we fished were pretty shallow and therefor required a subtle presentation, as to not spook the fish. I have to say, that casting the included Airflo Scandi Compact (390 grain) head on this rod was a real treat…easy casts and subtle presentations. Everyone needs to cast a Scandi head!

Like any steelhead trip, I had to make lots (as in tons) of casts, but with this Red Truck outfit, every cast was easy and enjoyable. My mends were effortless and each skate of my fly seemed to promise a surface grab. I found myself almost forgetting that I had just made another cast and swing, as everything seemed to work better than my other outfits. Finally, on one of my many skates…it finally happened. I woke from my comfortable daze to see my skated dry fly disappear into a watery void, then my line went tight. I had just skated up a wild, summer-run steelhead on the Grande Ronde. It gets better. The Red Truck Chrome fly reel, with its click and pawl drag system, announced to the world I had completed my goal.

I was lucky enough to repeat this topwater experience two more times while on my trip. I'm pretty confident that I could have caught more steelhead with a Skagit head and sink tip, but I didn't care. The fun I encountered while casting and skating dries on the G.R. far outweighed the potential increase in fish count I might have encountered fishing down deep. If you're looking for the truth and essence of catching a summer run steelhead on a fly rod, I highly recommend you book a trip to Washington's Grande Ronde River and don't forget to pack a Red Truck Diesel Summer Steelhead Outfit.
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Leland Rod Co. Fly Boxes Review


MORE THAN JUST ANOTHER SET OF FLY BOXES

These ARE timeless pieces from Leland Rod Co. that will only look better with age and are the solution to organizing your flies for good... Read More.
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MORE THAN JUST ANOTHER SET OF FLY BOXES

These ARE timeless pieces from Leland Rod Co. that will only look better with age and are the solution to organizing your flies for good... Read More.
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Leland Fly Boxes

Specifications:

• Lightweight, sturdy aluminum construction
• Distinct Color-Coded models
• Labeled on all sides
• Available with or without comprehensive fly selections
• Trout Models: Small StreamSpring CreekDry FlyNymph, TroutCollector Set

December 17, 2013 (Sonoma, CA):  A great fly box is a must for every angler, and our new series aims to do one thing: simplify your flies in style. You've spent years collecting the perfect flies for every outing, now keep them stored in a safe and straightforward way with a Leland Rod Co. Fly Box. Featuring nine models to suit your trout and steelhead needs, each is available with or without a comprehensive fly collection.

Bigger than a box: Nothing is more essential than keeping your flies organized and accessible, and we designed these boxes with that in mind. Don't waste time searching for your favorite fly, and don't ever have to worry about buying another fly box.

Leland Rod Co.'s Fly Box lineup is built to last a lifetime, crafted with absolute quality and functionality. But their aesthetics and design extend their use beyond just a place to dump your flies. Each is clearly labeled for its particular use. Below are the models offered by Leland with links to purchase either the box itself, or a package including a comprehensive selection of our favorite flies.

Trout Lineup: With five models, you're sure to find what you need for your next trip.


Small StreamLoad it up with ants, terrestrials & hoppers.
Spring CreekStore your favorite small dries and nymphs.
Dry FlyThe name says it all.
NymphKeep it simple and store your nymphs in one spot.
TroutAll your favorite trout flies in one spot.
Collector SetSet includes Dry Fly, Spring Creek, Streamer, Nymph Fly Boxes.

Steelhead Lineup: Three models and a whole lot of space to hold your favorite bugs. With the Leland Rod Co. steelhead boxes, you're covered year round.

Steelhead Nymph: You guessed it, all your favorite steel nymphs.
Summer Steelhead: All your warm weather chrome flies.
Winter Steelhead: Big bugs for big fish.


Pro Review - Leland's Burke White


When it comes to fly boxes, there are plenty of options. There are nearly-bomb-proof, water-proof boxes. There are classic aluminum English boxes. There are handmade wooden boxes, too. And guess what? They all hold flies. You can pick up just about any fly box in any fly shop, jam some flies in it and stick it into one of the many pockets on your vest. But what's missing with this approach to fly storage? It's all about organization.

On my last trout trip, I took the time to transfer my trout fly collection from the odd assortment of fly boxes I've collected over my many years of fishing into a collection of Leland Rod Co. Fly  Boxes. Admittedly, I'm not the most organized human on the planet and this theme of mine extends into my fly fishing endeavors. My flies were all over the place and my fast-paced rigging paired with a lack of attention meant that many of my flies had migrated from one box to the next. It was time for a clean up.

I began by removing my flies from various oddly sized, unmarked boxes and organizing them into one of four common trout fly categories: Spring Creek (Small, specialty dries and nymphs), Dry Fly (Fluffy dries and attractors), Nymph (General purpose nymphs and bead-heads), and finally Streamer (Big ugly buggers and sculpins). I took each category of flies and put them into their respective Leland Rod Co. color-coded, aluminum fly box, clearly marked on all four sides. Inside are ample rows of slit foam that will conveniently hold each fly without tearing up the foam.

By the time I'd finished, I actually felt good about my newly organized life (at least in fly fishing). I looked at my stack of fly boxes and realized that for the first time in a very long time, I knew where every fly of mine was. I loaded them into my trout pack and put them to the real test.

On the water, it was a treat to switch flies. Instead of grumbling, searching every box for my secret fly, I reached right into my pack and pulled out exactly the right box. Even in low light, the distinct colors make it simple. And at the end of the day, I returned home with a few fish stories. But I was also content knowing that next time I trout fished, I'd be organized...and if you knew me, that's actually saying something.
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What is a Stonefly
The stonefly is a relatively large aquatic insect commonly found in cool, clean trout water throughout North America. Even though these bugs are less common than mayflies and caddis because of environmental factors, stoneflies can be quite important to trout and steelhead anglers in the western United States (especially in the Pacific Northwest) and they can make a well-prepared mid-western or eastern trout fly fisher's day during a prolific spring, summer, or fall hatch in ultra-clean and higher elevation lakes, rivers, and creeks.
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desc::The stonefly is a relatively large aquatic insect commonly found in cool, clean trout water throughout North America. Even though these bugs are less common than mayflies and caddis because of environmental factors, stoneflies can be quite important to trout and steelhead anglers in the western United States (especially in the Pacific Northwest) and they can make a well-prepared mid-western or eastern trout fly fisher's day during a prolific spring, summer, or fall hatch in ultra-clean and higher elevation lakes, rivers, and creeks.
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Stonefly


The stonefly is a relatively large aquatic
insect commonly found in cool, clean trout water throughout North
America. Even though these bugs are less common than mayflies and caddis because of environmental factors, stoneflies can be quite important to trout and steelhead
anglers in the western United States (especially in the Pacific
Northwest) and they can make a well-prepared mid-western or eastern
trout fly fisher's day during a prolific spring, summer, or fall hatch
in ultra-clean and higher elevation lakes, rivers, and creeks.

Stoneflies display easily recognizable characteristics throughout their typical life cycle and are most often identified as nymphs
by their long matched tails and antennae. As adults, stoneflies display
two sets of wings which do not work in unison during flight, rendering
this insect rather awkward when airborne. Biologically and like
mayflies, all stoneflies undergo incomplete metamorphosis, experiencing
only three major stages within their typical life cycle.

The
first of these three stages is the larval stage where these bugs are
commonly referred to as stonefly nymphs. The nymph stage is spent
entirely beneath the surface of the water. Stoneflies, unlike mayflies
and caddis have very stringent survival requirements like clean, cool,
and well-oxygenated water so their populations tend to be strong only in
northern environments, alpine environments, and otherwise clean rivers
and lakes.

Stonefly nymphs broadly resemble mayfly nymphs, but
are generally a bit larger, have only two tails, and do not display
visible gills along their abdomens. Stonefly nymphs can occur in a range
of colors with blacks, browns, yellows, and rusty oranges being the
most common. The stonefly nymph's set of six large, powerful legs allow
it to hug its often rocky environment for up to three years before it
finds itself ready to hatch to a winged adult.

Unlike other
common aquatic insects, stoneflies are a type of trout food that does
not hatch beneath, within, or on top of the water's surface film.
Stoneflies undergo their final molt to winged adults on land, generally
finding a log, rock, or sandy area near shore to initiate their adult
life stage. For stoneflies, the trip from the river or lake bottom to
land is relatively short and hurried; if they dawdle or get hung up by a
significant roadblock, they quickly become breakfast, lunch, or dinner
for hungry and opportunistic trout.

Adult stoneflies, for all
intents and purposes, look just like their nymph form with the addition
of 4 wings which generally lay flat along the fly's back while it rests.
The tails an antennae of fully mature stoneflies may also appear to be
less pronounced. Male stoneflies, which tend to be considerably smaller
than females of the species will typically find their mates along the
same rocks, vegetation, and sandy areas on which they hatched.
Fertilized females will return to the water to deposit their eggs.
Females fly low above the water, "dipping" their egg balls into the
water. They are also often found skating or skitting across the water's
surface, depositing their eggs with great effort -- when female
stoneflies are hard at work laying their eggs, trout can't resist these
large and vulnerable morsels.

Stoneflies follow three stages in
their typical life cycle of incomplete metamorphosis: nymph, adult, and
sexually mature adult. As far as fly fishing goes, there are really two
main points during this life cycle that require distinct artificial fly
imitations. These imitation points are: nymph and adult. A nymph
imitation is fished entirely in the subsurface and is designed to
imitate the stonefly during the major portion of its pre-adult stage and
just prior to its final, on-land molt to adulthood. An adult stonefly
is fished dry (on the water's surface) and generally imitates a sexually
mature female in the midst of her strenuous egg laying process.

When
packing your fly box with stonefly imitations, it's important to
research the species of stonefly most commonly found in the waters of
your targeted destination. Similar to fishing a local caddis hatch,
matching both size and color of the local stonefly population can be the
difference between a so-so day of fly fishing and an epic adventure on
the water. Because stoneflies spend the proportionally greatest time in
the nymph stage and are most vulnerable to trout during their trip from
water to land, never leave for a fly fishing destination without a solid
selection of stonefly nymphs on hand. Don't underestimate the
importance of having a good selection of adult stoneflies in lots of
colors and sizes either. These poor fliers are often blown from their
landward perches into the drift, where they are helpless in the face of a
waiting trout.


Due to its relatively large size (when compared to other aquatic insects), the stonefly is a fun pattern to fish. When fished like a dry fly, on the surface of the water, the resulting strikes are aggressive and memorable. Typically during a stonefly hatch the largest trout in the water come to feast. When fished sub surface as a nymph, few trout will pass up the larger meal ticket being offered. Having the right equipment, especially fly rod and fly line, makes all the difference when casting the larger stonefly pattern. Leland recommends the below fly rods for the best results.

Leland Rod Company's New Zealand Dry Fly Rod

Leland Rod Company's New Zealand Trout Fly Rod

Red Truck Fly Rod Company's Diesel Dry Fly Rod

Red Truck Fly Rod Company's Diesel Trout Fly Rod

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Loop Goran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rod Review


THE BEST ROD DESIGNER IN THE WORLD

This is not a fly rod that's a year in the making, it's the culmination of SIXTY years of Göran Andersson's expertise distilled into an ONE rod taper. . . . Read More.
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THE BEST ROD DESIGNER IN THE WORLD

This is not a fly rod that's a year in the making, it's the culmination of SIXTY years of Göran Andersson's expertise distilled into an ONE rod taper. . . . Read More.
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Featured 12ft 6wt Outfits

•  All 6120 OutfitsShop Here
•  Atlantic Salmon OutfitShop Here
•  Steelhead OutfitShop Here
•  Steelhead Outfit (with Tips)Shop Here

•  Single Hand Models: 494-4, 7100-4
•  Double Hand Models: 6120-4, 8140-4, 9116-4, 9126-4, 10146-4
•  Sections: Four
•  Handle: High quality Portuguese cork grip
•  Reel Seat: Polished aluminum, triangular locking
•  Ceramic stripping guides and durable chrome snake-guides
•  Action: Medium-Fast

October 13, 2011 (San Francisco, CA): Ask the legendary Göran Andersson about his signature series of Loop fly rods, and he'll talk to you as an artist or composer would about their finest work. Fishing one produces a kind of harmony between angler and environment made possible when the right rod—like a finely tuned instrument—sharpens the experience and transforms instincts into effortless, intuitive casts. Meet the father of modern fly tackle and experience the first production fly rods to bear his name: Goran Andersson.

The Rodmaker's Rod: This is not a fly rod that's a year or two in the making, it's the culmination of sixty years of Göran Andersson's expertise distilled into an unprecedented rod taper, constructed from the latest materials, and available to everyone who appreciates the power of the right tool. The son of a Swedish fly fisherman and rodmaker, Göran Andersson started tailoring fly lines at age eight and began building his own fly rods soon after. That passion would become his life's work, devoting himself to the art of the cast and tools to constantly better his techniques. Despite developing rod designs for the world's leading manufacturers, pioneering the underhand cast, and contributing immeasurable insight into the sport of fly fishing, this is the first series of fly rods to feature his name. Why? Because Andersson's Signature Series Fly Rods are not simply another of his cutting-edge creations, they are the fly rods he brings with him to fish the world's blue-ribbon waters. Delivering the precision, accuracy, power and finesse that a man of Andersson's ability demands, Loop's Göran Andersson Signature Series is a crowning achievement in fly rod design

Series Overview...


Form & Function:
Too often in today's fly rod market does technology take precedent over performance. Loop remains steadfast in their commitment to innovation with a purpose, and their Göran Andersson Fly Rods are constructed around a fundamental commitment to line control and an uninterrupted, efficient transfer of energy through the blank. The engine for this efficiency lies in the Andersson Series' unique taper and action: to label it a moderate-fast action is too vague, and the term deep-flexing is often misunderstood. A more apt description is a responsive or enhanced-fast action, where the quick-firing accuracy of a fast action tip combines with a high modulus, graphite butt that flexes enough to load the rod in perfect balance. The result is butter smooth casting and absolute control over the trajectory of your line, allowing you to redirect and adjust your cast in the air. That means your cast isn't over until your fly hits the water, extending your control over every square inch of the river.

This total command of a river is synonymous with Goran's signature underhand cast, a technique that allows him to access every spot no matter how limited the backcast room. The Andersson Signature Series is the most effective rod for underhand casting, loading well from the water and opening up stretches of river that others simply can't fish. That being said, the action lends itself to traditional overhead casts and anglers both novice and expert alike.

The Lineup...


Loop Göran Andersson Signature Series are available in single and double-hand models, each satisfying a particular application and all possessing a proud place in Andersson's quiver. Featuring an understated gray finish and crimson ferrel wraps, the look is uniquely Loop and entirely sophisticated. The Goran Andersson Single Hand Series are available in two models: the 9'4" #4 is a great all-around trout rod, and the 10' #7 is an exceptional single-hand rod for steelhead or Loop's coveted Atlantic Salmon.

The double-hand lineup offers a more extensive selection of lengths and weights, in keeping with Göran Andersson's reputation as the preeminent two-handed caster and father of the underhand cast. The 12' #6 is ideal for summer steelhead and tailwater trout, extending your reach across the river. The GA Signature Series 14' #8 is a serious tool for stellar salmon and steelhead fishing, delivering an extraordinary command over every square inch of water without comprising sensitivity. Both the 11'6" and 12'6" #9's are also ideal for salmon and steelies, with the latter being Andersson's preferred fly rod for Atlantic salmon and sea trout. Then there's the monster of the bunch: the 14'6" #10, built for vast rivers, huge mends and unforgettable fish.

Regardless of the model, all of the Loop Göran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rods are all groundbreaking, effectively eliminating any disconnect between fly and fisher and delivering seamless, spot-on casts. Serene waters deserve superb gear, and the Loop Göran Andersson Fly Rods celebrate the pleasure of fishing time well spent.

Loop Göran Andersson Fly Rods - Pro Review by Leland's Ben Paull


What's the Word...


Casting a Göran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rod alone is fun, but alongside the man himself, it's a rare opportunity to experience a world-class rod with its distinguished designer. We spent the afternoon casting Andersson's Signature Series Fly Rods at the Leland Ranch in Sonoma, and both the single and double-handers proved to be unlike anything else on the market. Delivering a dynamic action and acute line control, they are the embodiment of Loop's functional innovation.

Action...


The action of Loop's Göran Andersson Signature Series is difficult to classify. It manages to have a sensitivity that permeates the whole rod without compromising power or contributing to a soft, sloppy action. At the same time, it remains fast and accurate in the tip like a traditional fast action rod. The result is a rod that loads well off the water when you're underhand casting and also performs well with traditional, overhead casts. Don't let the idea of a deep flexing action mislead you: Göran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rods are far from your full flexing rod of yesteryear, instead proving to be a contemporary, innovative action meant for a diversity of styles.

 

Fit and Finish...


Like everything Loop, the Göran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rods deliver on aesthetics. The deep gray finish and and aluminum reel seat are sleek, and the crimson wraps contribute a nice bit of color to a great looking rod. The triangle reel seat is certainly new-school, but the overall impact is classic and, much like Göran, concerned with function over flash. In all the rod looks as good as it feels, and the Portuguese cork and ceramic stripping guides are always a nice touch.

Run Down...


Pros:
When one of the greatest casters ever develops a rod for his favorite fly fishing destinations, chances are the results are going to be impressive.

Cons: The unique action is different, and that means it isn't easy to classify. But for anyone who wants to broaden their game, these rods are a great excuse to try something new.

Bottom Line: The Göran Andersson Signature Series Fly Rods are fun, efficient, and different from anything we've fished. Between the unique action, effortless casting, and timeless design, they're great rods and another example of Loop's comprehensive approach to tackle.
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Choosing the Right Spey Fly Line
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Understanding Spey Fly Fishing Lines

Until recently, two-handed rods were used almost exclusively in the pursuit of steelhead and salmon on the rivers of the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Canada. In the last five years, however, the popularity of Spey rods on our own steelhead and trout streams has exploded. In fact it’s not unusual today to see anglers applying two-handed techniques on lakes, flats and in the surf.

What would influence these fly fishers to trade their favorite single-handers for longer rods? Spey fly lines, and the rods that cast them, offer many potential advantages: greater casting distance, greater line control, more precise mending at longer distance, and the ability to operate with little back-casting room. These tools enable an angler to cover more water with less effort and less fatigue. And on larger rivers, you can reach areas that would be virtually unfishable with single-handed lines and rods. And let’s not forget the enjoyment and excitement of learning new skills that add to your proficiency on the water!

Because anglers are doing a lot more with Spey techniques these days, Spey fly line designs are evolving so rapidly, even experienced spey folks have trouble keeping up, let alone beginners!  We at Leland have chosen RIO Products as our primary source of spey fly fishing lines. RIO has virtually led the way in revolutionizing fly line designs for Spey anglers in North America and across the world. Since there are so many styles of spey casting and corresponding spey line designs, who better than Simon Gawesworth, RIO fly line designer, former Captain of England’s World Fly Fishing Championships team, author, all-around nice guy, and one of the world’s leading authorities on spey casting to explain the ins and outs of modern spey lines? Read on and you'll get the best synopsis we've ever seen on modern spey lines from the man himself, code named 'SpeyBro'.

 

UNDERSTANDING SPEY LINES 2008

by Simon Gawesworth of RIO Products

'A newcomer to spey casting would be forgiven for peeping into this sport, trying it out or talking to the many different opinions and then turning tail and running away from the mass of confusion that there is out there.'

'There is a mind boggling array of theories, techniques, tackle and styles and it is very difficult for the beginner to make head or tail out of the world of spey casting. To explain the subtleties and intricacies of this spey world would be like trying to explain the rules of cricket to the average American, or of baseball to the average Brit. However, as fly line manufacturers, we only need to make it easier to understand the fly line – the most important part of your tackle.' 

Weight

Let’s start with a look at spey line weights. Perhaps the greatest confusion lies in the rating of two-handed rods and lines. Most fly fishers are familiar with the rating of a single handed rod – choose a #5 rod for trout, a #8 rod for bonefish and a #12 rod for tarpon. Two-handed rods also have a similar rating – somewhere between #5 and #12, but the 8 weight fly line that loads your bonefish rod will never get close to loading a #8 two handed rod. The reason for this is that two handed rods are far more powerful than an equivalent rated single handed rod.

A single handed rod, rated for a #8 line, loads effectively with between 200 and 300 grains. A #8 two-handed rod will take between 450 and 600 grains to load for spey casting. This large range is due to the spey casting style used. At this stage there is no need to confuse anyone more with the differences in these styles, just remember that the two-handed rod needs more weight to make it load. In other words, if you put a regular WF8 line on a #8 two-handed rod you will never get close to loading it.

One confusing thing about spey lines is that most of them have more than one line number as a “size”. The WindCutter lines have three numbers such as 7/8/9, 8/9/10 and 9/10/11. The reason for this triple numbering system is that the first WindCutter line designed by Jim Vincent, was made by taking the body of a #10 line, adding some of a #9 to the front end and then finishing it off with the full front taper of a #8, thus the line became an 8/9/10. The numbering system stuck. As a simple guideline, use the middle number of the three to find out what line size it is – the 8/9/10 is a good #9 line.

The AFS and PowerSpey lines only have two numbers – 7/8, 8/9 and 9/10 for example and in these cases, generally use the higher number. The 8/9 is, in effect a #9 line. To help choose the right line for your rod, we have compiled a chart that recommends the right lines for spey rods. (Please
See Rio's Spey Line Recommendation Chart for all of Leland Spey Rods)
 
AFTMA Standard

Okay, so how confused do you want to be? In an attempt to illustrate the difference in line weights between the single handed AFTMA standard and the two handed AFTMA standard the following charts might be helpful. On the other hand, they might cause you to go cross eyed and reach for the nearest bottle of Single Malt!

The AFTMA standard is an attempt to standardize line weights so that whichever line manufacturer you buy a fly line from you know that they will all weigh about the same and load the rod equally – that is, of course, assuming line manufacturers manufacture lines to the AFTMA standard.

Before you look at the charts you need to understand that the two handed standard actually has four different categories: H, S, M and L. More than regular casting the head length of the line in spey casting influences the weight. So, we have four standards (for ease of recognition RIO’s appropriate Spey line is listed after the category):

‘H’ is for shooting Heads and is measured at 40 ft.
- AFS head and AFS OutBound

‘S’ is for Short belly spey lines and is measured at 55 ft
- WindCutter

‘M’ is for Mid length belly lines and is measured at 65 ft - PowerSpey

‘L’ is for Long belly spey lines and is measured at 75 ft.

So, depending on how long the belly of the spey line is, the “weigh point” falls at different lengths. The AFTMA single handed designation is measured at 30 feet.

Now that everyone is clear on that, let’s look at the AFTMA Standards (the numbers represent the weight in grains at the “weigh point”)!


Size    Single
  Hand 
    H      S     M    L

       
 #5   140       ---   380     ---   ---
 #6   160   250   420   460  600
 #7   185    300   470   510  650
 #8   210   360   530   570  710
 #9   240   430    600   640  780
#10   280   510   680   720  860
#11   330   600     770      810      950      
#12   380   700   870   910 1050


Oh, a final thing to remember is that the two handed standard has a plus or minus tolerance of 30 grains, while the single handed standard has a tolerance of plus or minus 6 to 12 grains (depending on the size). Thus you could have a spey line labeled S8 and it would be acceptable if it weighed between 500 and 560 grains.

As yet, there is no AFTMA Standard for Skagit type lines.

Taper

Most spey lines follow a simply designed taper. There needs to be weight in the back of the belly to load the rod effectively as a “D-loop”. There also needs to be a long fine front taper, so that the line lying on the water (“The Anchor”) at the start of the forward cast has as little drag as possible.

In a spey cast the “D-loop” (from A to B) loads the rod and needs to be the heaviest part of the line. The “Anchor” (B to C) lies on the water. The more line there is lying on the water, the more energy is lost during the forward cast as it tries to tear itself off the surface film.


A typical spey line design will have most of the weight in the back end of the head and a long, fine front taper to make the most of these casting requirements:



Within the basic spey line design are numerous variations, but the main one to compare is the head length. At RIO we make three different head lengths of spey lines. These are the the AFS, (Advanced Flight Spey) line, both as a Shooting Head and as an integrated shooting head, with a head length between 31 ft and 40 ft, the Windcutter, with a head length of between 45 ft and 56 ft and the PowerSpey™, with a head length of between 57 ft and 71 ft.

The longer the head of the spey line, the more line there needs to be outside the rod to make a cast. Longer belly lines, like the PowerSpey, really need plenty of room behind them to create a big enough D-loop for the line to load the rod – say 30 ft of room for an effortless cast. With the short to medium head length of the Windcutter, you may only need around 15 ft of room behind and with a short head line like the AFS, even less; perhaps only 8 ft of space is needed.

Of course, space behind isn’t the only factor. There are four other factors that influence your choice of head length:

1. Casting Ability - you need to be a better caster to handle the longer head length lines.

2. Rod Length – A short rod does not have the same lift as a long rod, so the shorter the rod, the shorter the line head length must be.

3. Sinking Tip – with sink tips or heavy flies it can be really tricky to get the sunken line to the surface with a long belly line. A short head line means that the sink tip is closer to you and easier to get out of the water.

4. Stripping flies – Some fishing techniques require you to strip the fly in to entice a fish to take. The short head lines are perfect for this as you must strip the start of the head up to the rod tip before making a cast.

If you don’t need to strip line, the short belly lines are more of a problem and a good caster will have to manage the slack coils of running line hanging in the water before each cast. They will also waste good fishing time having to strip the line into the casting length.

Line Taper Comparisons



Generally, if you start with a WindCutter line and, with practice, get to a skill level where you can cast the whole head at the tip of the rod, without stripping anything in, you are ready to move up to a PowerSpey line. When you do, make sure you start with the head about 12 feet in side the rod tip; this will be similar to the WindCutter you are used to.

SKAGIT CASTING

The most recent style of spey casting is called Skagit casting (pronounced ska-jit) and named after the Skagit river in Washington.

This style of spey casting utilizes an even shorter head length spey line than the WindCutter - something in the region of 27 ft. This exceptionally short head length allows the fly caster to make long casts in extremely tight situations. Even the most basic of spey casters can make a 70 ft cast with no more than 3 ft of room behind. Added to the shortness of the line is the fact that the head weighs about the same amount as the corresponding WindCutter, but at half the length. This means that the Skagit line has almost twice the weight per inch of the WindCutter line. This extra weight per inch is an immense asset for lifting out deeply sunken tips or heavy, large flies. Nothing will pick up big flies or T-14 or LC13 style sink tips as easily as a Skagit line will.


Skagit Cheaters

The most confusion with Skagit lines comes with something called “Skagit Cheaters”, which are 2½ ft, 5 ft and 7½ ft extension pieces for a Skagit line.

One of the ideas behind Skagit casting is that you want to maintain a constant ratio between the rod length and the head length of the line. It maybe 3 times the rod length, it may be 4 times the rod length, and each caster will find their happy ratio.
 
For the purpose of this example, let’s say a caster likes a ratio of 3½:1. A 12 ft rod would require 42 ft of line and a 15 ft rod will require 52½ ft. By following this ratio, it means that the caster never needs to adjust their casting stroke, regardless of which outfit they pick up.

If a caster likes this ratio and uses a 12 ft rod, they are going to need 42 ft of line to feel comfortable. The Skagit line has a 27 ft head. Add a 15 ft sink tip and you get 42 ft, which means there is no cheater needed. The next day, the same caster casts a 14 ft rod - 14 x 3½ = 49 ft. So, to keep the same casting stroke, the caster needs a total head length around 49 ft. A 27 ft Skagit line, plus the 15 ft sink tip is only 42 ft. Plug in the 7½ ft Cheater and the head length becomes 49½ ft and much closer to the required ratio.

The whole idea is pretty confusing to a novice, but once the concept is grasped, it is very easy to understand and allows for a caster to develop a consistent style, regardless of the size of rod used.

A final note to mention on the Skagit lines is that the sink tip does not form part of the calculation for line weight. If you look at the spey line recommendation chart and decide on a Skagit line for your rod, make sure you use the weight of the Skagit body. If the chart suggests you need a 550 grain Skagit line, it does not matter which size sink tip you add on to the front end of this (as long as it is not heavier than the Skagit body). The reason for this is that the sink tip usually does not form part of the D-loop and, therefore, plays no role in loading the rod. A typical example is that someone is told that they need a 550 grain Skagit line. They know they are going to use a 150 grain sink tip, so they buy a 400 grain Skagit line (thinking that the two added together will give them the correct load). This is very wrong and will result in an under loaded outfit. Make sure the Skagit body weight is correct, regardless of the sink tip.

SALTWATER

More and more people are using two-handed rods for overhead casting in the surf these days. The length and power of these rods are great for throwing big flies out against a wind and over incoming surf.

When choosing a line for overhead casting a two-handed rod there are two important considerations.

1. The head length needs to be shorter than for spey casting so that the back loop does not drop and line speed is retained to shoot big distances.

2. The line weight should be less with an overhead cast, than with a spey cast. Here’s why:


With a spey cast, only part of the line weight loads the rod. In this example the load really comes from A to B, though B to C also helps load the rod. The piece of line from C to D really has no effect on the load of the rod.




With an overhead cast, the entire weight of the line serves to load the rod at the end of the back cast. This means that a lighter line can be used when overhead casting, as opposed to when spey casting, because the entire line length (A to B) loads the rod.






An ideal line for overhead casting a two-handed rod is RIO’s OutBound®.



The Outbound is available in several densities and sizes, but the most popular one for overhead casting, particularly in the surf, is the intermediate version.
 

TIP 2 -RIO WINDCUTTER

 
Rio's Windcutter VersiTip Linesare unique in the fly fishing world. Nobody else makes a spey line with three sections. These three sections are:

1. a body section
2. a middle section (Tip 2)
3. and the front tip (Tip 1)





There are a number of reasons for these three sections:

1. For normal spey casting simply change out Tip 1 with whichever sink tips is required for the fishing conditions. Each sink tip in the wallet will weigh the same, which ensures the casting is not affected and the line remains balanced. However, each sink tip has a different sink rate from the clear intermediate tip, with a sink rate of 1½ inches per second, to the Type 8, density compensated tip which sinks at 8 inches per second.

2. For overhead casting, when a shorter and lighter weight head is needed, simply remove Tip 2 completely and attach the sink tip, or tip 1 directly to the body.

3. Sometimes extra depth is required and many fly fishers use RIO’s long 24 ft density compensated sink tips called Big Boys. These tips are too long to simply replace Tip 1, so when using longer sinking tips like this, again remove Tip 2 and attach the long tip directly to the body.

4. One odd-looking tip in the wallet is grey and has two loops on. This tip is called a sink tip compensator. The sink tip compensator is a sinking Tip 2. Replace the floating tip 2 with this compensator when fishing in strong currents. By lengthening the sinking portion of the line, the current has much less “lift” effect and ensures that the fly stays deep.

5. On really windy days, or with big, cumbersome flies, remove Tip 1 and attach the leader directly to Tip 2. This shorter taper and heavier front end makes light work of the windiest of conditions and the biggest of flies.

T-8, T-11 & T-14

T-8, T-11 & T-14 are level shooting head materials. T-8 weighs 8 grains per foot, T-11 weighs 11 grains per foot and T-14 weighs 14 grains per foot.T-8 has a sink rate of 7 inches per second, T-11 at 8 inches per second and T-14 around 9 inches per second and.

The material is usually sold in a 30 ft pack. Anglers simply cut this level material to the length they need for a variety of fishing conditions, and then add a braided loop to each end to easily attach to the spey line. The most useful tip lengths from a 30 ft pack are 15 ft, 10 ft and 5 ft, though some anglers prefer 15 ft, 9 ft and 6 ft lengths.

The weight of T-14 makes it pretty heavy for the lighter lines to lift out. Most of the Skagit line sizes will not have a problem with 15 ft of T-14, but attaching it to the lighter WindCutter and PowerSpey lines can result in poor turnover and inefficient casts. As a simple guideline, use T-14 for the spey lines of #9 and bigger, T-11 for the #7 to #9 sizes and use T-8 for the lighter line sizes.

Which Spey line should I choose?

With the array of spey lines on the market it is a little baffling to know which one to choose. Hopefully this document has at least given you an idea behind the different line designs. Following is a description of each line we make and their particular advantages: 

Outbound®
Overhead casting - particularly useful in the salt or in lakes. It is available in 6 densities: Floating, Hover (1” per second), Intermediate, Sink 3 (3” per second), Sink 6 (6” per second) and Sink 8 (8” per second). Three adaptable versions with a level T-8, T-11 and T-14 head are designed to be cut to the perfect head weight and length for individual casting styles. The intermediate OutBound is made up to a WF14 (600 grains) size and is perfect for the larger rods of #10 and bigger.

AFS Shooting Head  – NEW for 2008
An excellent presentation line that is very easy to cast. There are four different densities available:

1. F. A full floating line between a 4/5 weight (300 grains, 19 grams - 31 ft, 9.5 m in length) and a 10/11 weight (640 grains, 42 grams – 40 ft, 12.2 m in length). The head is a subtle olive color that will not spook fish in clear water, but the rear 15 ft is yellow so the angler can gauge the line’s swing. For anglers needing an easier color line to see there is also a Steelhead Orange floating AFS head.

2. F/I. A floating line with a 15 ft intermediate sinking tip. This line starts at a 7/8 (460 grains, 30 grams – 37 ft, 11.2 m in length) and goes to 10/11.

3. S1. A slow sinking head. The same weight range as the F/I but the whole head has a very slow sink rate of 1” per second. This is an excellent choice for cooler water conditions when fishing for Atlantic salmon. It is also a very good fish catching line for summer run steelhead, particularly on the Deschutes. Sizes 7/8 to 10/11.

4. S4. A full sinking head with a sink rate of 4” per second. This fast sinking head is a great line for early season and back-end Atlantic salmon and particularly good for winter steelhead. It is one of the easiest casting and fishiest sinking lines ever made. It comes in the same sizes as the “F/I” and the “I” heads. Sizes 7/8 to 10/11.

While these lines are exceptionally easy to cast and give incredible presentation, the very best results will be achieved if a Spey VersiLeader is attached to the front end. RIO has 6 different densities of these leaders in two lengths – 10 ft and 15 ft. The leader densities are:

1. Floating (olive)
2. Intermediate (1.5 inches per second)
3. Slow sink (2.4 inches per second)
4. Medium sink (3.9 inches per second)
5. Fast sink (5.6 inches per second)
6. Super fast sink (7.0 inches per second)

Use the 10 ft leaders with rods of 12’ 6” and less, and the 15 ft leaders with rods of 13 ft or more.

Attach the back of the shooting head to a hard nylon like Rio's Slick Shooter (35 lb or 50 lb) for the ultimate in distance, or to a floating Powerflex Core Shooting Line (0.030” or 0.035”) for something a little more manageable.


AFS OutBound® Integrated Shooting Head – NEW for 2008
Built with a thin, hard running line this line is the integrated version of the AFS head. It is an excellent choice of line for casters that do not want a loop to loop connection running through their guides. The short head is very easy to cast and particularly useful in tight situations and the long front taper gives a beautiful presentation. These lines are only available with a floating head and in sizes 4/5 to 10/11.

Like the AFS head, these lines will cast even better with one of RIO’s Spey VersiLeader.

The Skagit lines are, quite simply, the easiest way to cast large flies or fast sinking tips. The mass of the head and the short body length result in incredible lifting power, making it child’s play to cast otherwise “nasty” rigs. It is a very easy line to learn to cast with and also extremely useful for casting in tight situations. The Skagit line is available in: 300 (new for 2008), 350, 400, 450, 500, 550, 600, 650, 700 and 750 grain head weights.

The Skagit lines have a thin running line extending from the 27 ft long head that aids in easy distance and shooting ability. The front end finishes with a loop and to this loop you will need to attach some kind of tip. The line does not come with a front tip of any kind, so if you purchase this you will need to add a tip to your purchases. As explained earlier, you may also need a Skagit Cheater, depending on your rod length, casting style and size of sink tip used. RIO makes five 15 ft tips to choose from:

1. Floating
2. Intermediate (1.5 to 2 ips)
3. Type 3 (3-4 ips)
4. Type 6 (6-7 ips)
5. Type 8 (8-9 ips)

In addition you can purchase T-8, T-11 or T-14 and cut to the desired length and weight.


Rio's Skagit VersiTip Kit
The Skagit VersiTip is a Skagit line, packaged with a 5 ft floating Skagit Cheater, a 15 ft Type 6 tip, a 15 ft Type 8 tip and one of RIO’s shooting head wallets. For those that don’t know much about the Skagit technique and tackle it is a good purchase as it has pretty well everything you need to start with. The only possible add on would be a 15 Foot Floating Tip, for conditions when you don’t need to be deep. The Skagit VersiTip is available in 450, 550, 650 and 750 grain sizes.


Skagit Shooting Head
The Skagit shooting head is the head from the Skagit line. It is 27 ft long and has a loop in both ends. To the front end you attach a tip as recommended for the regular Skagit line, while the back end loop is ideal for attaching your favorite RIO shooting line. These heads are available in 350, 400, 450, 500, 550, 600, 650, 700 and 750 grain sizes.

One very simple fishing set-up is a reel loaded up with either SlickShooter or a floating Powerflex core shooting line and have a wallet with a couple of AFS heads (floating, slow intermediate and Sink 4 for steelhead fishers and floating, slow intermediate and intermediate sink tip for Atlantic salmon fishers) and a Skagit shooting head with some tips. With a rig like this, each fly fisher would be primed for everything and any situation they would encounter.

Windcutter
The original and still the best all round and the most versatile spey line developed. This line is available in a full floating version in sizes; 4/5, 5/6, 6/7/8, 7/8/9, 8/9/10, 9/10/11 and 10/11/12. The head length varies according to the size. It is also available as a VersiTip Line, packaged with a wallet of tips including a floating tip, a 15 ft clear intermediate tip, a 15 ft Type 3 tip, a 15 ft Type 6 tip and a 15 ft Type 8 tip. As mentioned above, there is also a sink tip compensator, which is a sinking Tip 2. The VersiTip line is available in 5/6, 6/7/8, 7/8/9, 8/9/10, 9/10/11 and 10/11/12 sizes, though the 5/6 VersiTip does not have a Type 8 sink tip, a sink tip compensator or a floating Tip 2.
(Note: I would also highly recommend the floating Windcutter, or Windcutter Versitip with floating tip, as the best all-around spey line for dead-drift nymph and dry presentations to trout and steelhead. Its head length is long enough to effectively stack mend for better drifts. - Dean Schubert  - Leland)

PowerSpey NEW for 2008
RIO’s new PowerSpey has a medium length head between 57 ft and 71 ft (depending on the size) and with its revolutionary taper design is the easiest mid to long belly line to cast. The longer head is ideal for longer rods, larger rivers and for casters that prefer to do less stripping of the fly between casts. Fishing with the PowerSpey line catches more fish - as there is little need to strip the head in between casts, the fly fisher will make more casts in a day, thus increasing the odds.

Another advantage with the longer head lines is when winter fishing with air temperatures below freezing. As there is no need to strip the line in between casts, the rod guides do not get iced up.

The PowerSpey is available in 5/6, 6/7, 7/8, 8/9, 9/10 and 10/11 sizes and either as a full floating line or as a VersiTip version. The PowerSpey VersiTip line does not have a Tip 2, so there is only one loop in the line.

Accessories

There are a few accessories RIO makes that are worth mentioning here.
 
The Skagit Floating Tip is a 15 ft floating tip designed to be added to the Skagit lines to make a full floater, it is also a good replacement for the WindCutter floating tip. Here is a guideline of which floating tip to choose for which Skagit line or shooting head:

 #7      300 to 400 grains
 #8      400 to 500 grain lines
 #9      500 to 600 grain lines
#10     550 to 650 grain lines
#11     600 to 700 grain lines
#12     650 to 750 grain lines.

The Skagit Cheaters are “plug-in” extensions as mentioned earlier. For 2008 RIO has changed the sizes to be more applicable. Each selection packet comes with a 2½ ft, a 5 ft and a 7½ ft floating cheater as well as a 5 ft intermediate cheater. RIO also sells the 5 ft floating cheater on its own. Here is a guideline of which Cheater to choose for which Skagit line or shooting head:

      6/7/8      300 to 350 grains
      7/8/9      350 to 450 grains
    8/9/10      450 to 550 grains
  9/10/11      550 to 650 grains
10/11/12      650 to 750 grains

The Big Boy is a 24 ft long sinking tip, ideal for really getting deep and staying deep. It is great on the end of a Skagit line, or a WindCutter, but remember to remove both Tip 1 and Tip 2 if you are attaching a Big Boy to the WindCutter. They are available in sizes 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500 and 600 grains and the sink rate of each is as follows:

150      4.8 ips
200      5.5 ips
250      6.4 ips
300      7.3 ips
400      8.4 ips
500      9.0 ips
600      9.5 ips

The WindCutter does not have as much lifting power as the Skagit line so will take a lighter Big Boy tip than the corresponding Skagit line. Here’s a rough guideline to the maximum weight Big Boy that each line will take. This does depend on the rod, current speed, fly size and caster’s skill!

WindCutter    Big Boy           Skagit  Big Boy 





 5/6   None    300  150
 6/7/8   200 gr    350  200
 7/8/9   250 gr    400  250
 8/9/10   300 gr    450  300
 9/10/11   300 gr    500  300
 10/11/12   400 gr    550  400
       600  400
       650  500
       700  500
       750  600
         
Simon's "Modern Spey Casting" is the best instructional DVD on spey casting ever produced. Learn the basics as well as these casts: roll cast, switch cast, single spey, double spey, snap T, snake roll, wombat cast, perry poke, jelly roll, skagit casts, underhand cast, spiral spey, overhead cast, single handed spey casts and using the two-handed rods in the salt. It also includes fault recognition, a glossary of terms and a very useful biokinetic section. 

Thanks again, Simon 'SpeyBro' Gawesworth, for giving a big boost to our spey line savvy! - Leland
 
See the Rio Spey Fly Line Chart for all Leland Spey Rods.
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